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Ryan Carlyle seems to keep suggesting in my questions here, that using a 24 V power supply is safer than using a 12 V one.

Early on, I ordered the wrong power supply, obtaining a 24 V one instead of a 12 V; I found that it was incompatible with my RAMPs 1.4 board... unless of course you pull off all the components and replacement with 24 V compatible ones.

Now granted my board needs to be replaced if I am to use such a power supply, but are there any other components that need to be replaced if I'm going to use 24 V power, or am I safe with what I am using?

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You need all components that are supplied voltage by the RAMPS board to be able to deal with a 24V input. Some of your parts are most likely compatible, as the stepper drivers. Others get the 5V from the Arduino, as the endstops. Some will most likely need replacement, as

  • the Hotend heater cartridge. It will need to be exchanged. You can easily buy those in 12V and 24V versions and a 12V version should not get 24V.
  • the fans. Chances here are about as close to 100% as it gets that they need to be replaced. They are directly connected to the 12V, some are PWM regulated but that doesn't change that they need to be replaced with proper 24V fans.
  • the heated bed. Since it gets direct power from the board you cannot use your old 12V bed. This is unless you had your old bed switched by a solid state relay (SSR) before. Then you'd have to check the SSR's switching signal tolerances.
  • anything else you might have hooked up to your power supply directly (lights for example) should be checked for input tolerance.
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    $\begingroup$ Note that you can use a 12V heater cartridge on a 24V system if you limit the PWM duty cycle in firmware but this is not exactly a good idea (since if your PWM fails, you'll have a thermal runaway that is 4 times as bad as normal). People also sometimes use 12V heated beds with 24V, giving very quick heat up times (but this requires a power supply that can supply a very large amount of power and comes with the same safety drawbacks as the heater cartridge). $\endgroup$ Jul 27 '16 at 7:43
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    $\begingroup$ Using PWM to run a 12v heater on 24v is EXTREMELY dangerous. A hot block will easily get hot enough to melt aluminum if the heater sticks on and outputs 160w. (And there are lots of ways that can happen.) Then you're dripping molten aluminum onto your flammable plastic print in progress. Then your house probably burns down. Now, heatbeds might be more manageable because you can put a thermal fuse on the heatbed to reliably cut power if it overheats. Then you just have to worry about connectors and wiring melting. (Unfortunately there are no good hot end thermal fuses solutions yet.) $\endgroup$ Jul 28 '16 at 2:22

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