# Ultimaker Cura infill issues (weird vertical pillars due to underextrusion)

I have spent ages debugging this problem but I can't figure out what I am doing wrong.

I have a Wanhao duplicator i3 (Prusa i3 clone) and until recently I used Wanhao's adapted version of the Cura slicer. But it's quite an old Cura version and I wanted to make use of the improved supports in the new Cura.

Unfortunately it seems like I just can't get the infill in the newest Cura to work. I copied all the settings from my Wanhao branded Cura version and printed the same file.

This is the result:

The infill is shaped like many tiny pillars. They are super fragile and while they do support material to be printed on top, they hardly withstand any pressure.

I have gone through quite a few testing cubes each with some setting altered, but nothing seemed to help.

It can't be the printers fault as I have successfully printed test cubes sliced with the old Cura in between (and not only once). Increasing temperature or slowing down the infill didn't help either. Neither did increasing flow rate or switching to triangular infill pattern. Also I have tried printing with all speeds set to 50mm/s and it still failed.

My standard settings (from which I have created many test cubes with each cube having some settings tweaked):

Layer Height: 0.12 mm

Init. Layer Height: 0.10 mm

Wall Line Count: 2

Top Layers: 6

Bottom Layers: 4

Infill Line distance: 5 mm (used to be 20 % in old Cura, but this is very dense in the new Cura)

Infill Pattern: Lines

Infill Overlap Percentage: 20 %

Printing Temperature: 200 °C

Build Plate Temperature: 60 °C

Retraction: Enabled, Distance: 2 mm, Speed: 60 mm/s

Speeds: Print:60 mm/s, Infill: 60 mm/s, Outer Wall: 30 mm/s, Inner Wall: 60 mm/s, Top/Bottom: 40 mm/s, Travel: 100 mm/s, Initial Layer: 20 mm/s

Combing Mode: All

• I think the Layer Height: 12mm bit must be a mistake because that's not a sensible layer height. Are you printing 0.12mm layers? – Tom van der Zanden Jun 29 '17 at 5:45
• Looks like under-extrusion. Have you told Cura you're using 3mm filament? What does it look like at 100% or 80% infill? – Sean Houlihane Jun 29 '17 at 16:56
• i already had one print finished. the walls and everything else looks perfect, so it's definitely something infill specific. my material settings say 1.75mm and so do the settings in the sidebar. i will try a testcube with 80/100% infill and report back – Neuron Jun 29 '17 at 16:59
• Could you post the G-code somewhere so we could see it? – markshancock Jul 2 '17 at 6:13
• I have the same printer, and usually go for infill density of 20%, pattern grid, gradual steps 0. What do you mean by > used to be 20% in old Cura, but this is very dense in the new Cura I'm printing right now with 20% and the spacing between sides of the rectangle is around 4mm, right on the order of the 5mm you're using. If you'd like, I can give you all the settings I'm using right now on a successful print (given that it's the same printer, you should get the same results I'm getting, me thinks...), though they are largely Cura's default ones. Good luck! – H. Medina Aug 9 '17 at 21:53

This problem is most commonly caused by infill speeds which are too high.

Instead of printing lines, the filament is caught on one of the lines of the previous layer, leaves a blob there and only restarts extrusion when it hits the next line. Instead of extruding continuously the filament comes out in blobs at the locations where there's filament on the previous layer.

You can have good infill up to some layer and suddenly start getting this problem as of some layer. When the problem occurs the next layer is more likely to show the problem. It's snowballing.

I am using the same printer and stopped trying to upgrade to higher CURA.

To my knowledge the branding of the Wanhao Cura Edition is that this Cura knows the specific firmware of your printer and thus is able to do printer specific tasks like calculating printing times etc.

I assume that copying the settings does only copy the settings and not the firmware info of your printer. If these settings however build on firmware info in the Cura wanhao edition, things could get messed up.

I would try uninstalling Cura, make sure the folder with the settings is deleted, reinstall and set it up from scratch.

If your motivation for the upgrade is feature-richness, you could also take a look at slic3r instead.

I am using the same printer (v1.2) with some upgrades and have been using the latest Ultimaker Cura (4.1) ever since they came out. For the first few prints I used an imported Ultimaker Cura profile, but after 3-4 bad prints I created a new profile from scratch, using a percentage for infill, with no problems at all.