# Nema Stepper used in Flashforge 3D printer

I am using Flashforge Creator Pro and a Flashforge Finder

I want to know which NEMA stepper model is used in each of these two printers, or is it NEMA 17 for both?

Their model numbers are:

• 42HB40F08AB-04 [W-42MM, L-40MM], and;
• 42HD4027-01[W-42MM, L-40MM]

Nema 17 is about the physical size of the motor, ie screw hole placement. It doesn't specify anything about the power of the motor. If you are looking to replace the motor, you need quite a bit more info than that it is Nema 17, such as the steps/rotation and the holding torque.

• ... and the winding inductance, the winding resistance, the rated current and the maximum voltage. Of these I would consider the holding torque, steps/revolution, rated current, winding resistance, and winding inductance to be most important, in the order. – cmm Dec 2 '17 at 21:17
• Also, it's only telling what the front of the motor looks like, a Nema can be a pancake motor (very flat) or a very "deep"/long motor. – Valmond Dec 4 '17 at 11:01

If you can access the stepper motors within the printers, then you should be able to obtain some basic measurements of its dimensions, in particular, the mounting holes. Then compare it with the dimensions of a NEMA 17 stepper motor:

Image from RepRapWiki - NEMA 17 Stepper Motor

The dimensions of other stepper motors, NEMA 11/14/17/23, can be found here: RepRapWiki - Nema Motor. The emphasis is mine:

• Some (all?) NEMA 11 motors (is this specified in the standard?) have blind mounting holes about 4.5 mm deep, tapped to accept M2.5x0.45 metric bolts. The 4 mounting holes are in a square 23 mm (0.905 inch) center-to-center.

• Some (all?) NEMA 14 motors (is this specified in the standard?) have blind mounting holes about ???? mm deep, tapped to accept M4 metric bolts. The 4 mounting holes are in a square 26 mm (1.024 inch) center-to-center.

• Some (all?) NEMA 17 motors (is this specified in the standard?) have blind mounting holes 4.5 mm deep, tapped to accept M3x.50 metric bolts. The 4 mounting holes are in a square 31.0 mm (1.220 inch, about 7/32) center-to-center. The holes in the part that needs to be bolted to the NEMA 17 motor typically need to be reamed out with a 1/8" drill bit to allow the M3 bolt to pass through. The drive shaft is typically 5 mm dia.

• Some (all?) NEMA 23 motors (is this specified in the standard?) have through mounting holes, a smooth 5 mm (0.2 inch) diameter. The 4 mounting holes are in a square 47.1 mm (1.856 inch, about 1+7/8 inch) center-to-center. The drive shaft is typically 1/4 inch (6.35 mm) dia.

However, knowing whether the stepper is a NEMA 17 or not may not be sufficient as there are very many variations of the NEMA 17, w.r.t. manufacturer and model. Again, please refer to RepRapWiki - NEMA 17 Stepper Motor to see a list of some of the NEMA 17 steppers available, and in common use in 3D printing.

The characteristics (Torque, Steps per revolution, Inductance Resistance, Voltage, Rated Current, etc.) vary greatly between models (even with the same NEMA type - 11/14/17/23), and some are more suited for particular applications than others.

With respect to your comment, why is NEMA 17 most common? Well, NEMA 23 steppers were used in some of the early [desktop-sized] printers, but then it was found that NEMA 17 steppers, which are smaller (leading to more compact, slightly less power hungry and lighter designs), offered less vibration whilst still providing sufficient torque. Smaller steppers (NEMA 14) can be used, but probably lack the torque to power a standard sized printer and can be only really used with very light-weight small printers.

NEMA 23 steppers are still used in larger [industrial] scale printer designs.

Again, from RepRapWiki - Nema Motor

The first working RepRap used NEMA 23 Stepper motors for positioning and a different kind of motor for the extruder. As of 2013, most RepRap designs call for NEMA 17 Stepper motors or NEMA 14 Stepper motors for both positioning and extruding.

It most likely uses a nema 17 stepper motor. These are the most commonly used stepper motors. Since it is also the same company there is good reason to believe it uses the same steppers. Why must you know, anyways?

• because i want to know why nema 17 ..? why not others..? – SpB Dec 4 '17 at 7:28