I have been have a problem printing ABS with Cura on an Ender 3.

I am getting good bed adhesion on the raft, but the object on top of the raft easily curls off it. See photo below.


  • Bed 110 °C
  • Nozzle 260 °C
  • Fan 0 % speed

How do you control how strongly the raft adheres to the object in Cura?

Curling up from raft

  • $\begingroup$ Have you checked to see how straight your bed is? $\endgroup$ Nov 10, 2018 at 22:06
  • $\begingroup$ @Paulster2: the bed is perfectly level, hence the very solid raft adhesion. Apparently it is the air gap setting according to Oscar below. $\endgroup$ Nov 11, 2018 at 8:13
  • $\begingroup$ Please realize the difference between "level" and "straight". Have you put a straight edge on the bed to ensure it is flat all the way across, in all directions? $\endgroup$ Nov 11, 2018 at 12:53
  • $\begingroup$ @Paulster2: I misspoke. I meant straight & level, not warped etc. The flat raft indicates that. The airgap suggestion below worked. $\endgroup$ Nov 11, 2018 at 22:42

1 Answer 1


You should reduce the air gap option called "Raft Air Gap". Printing ABS optimally requires an enclosure of the printer, wind and draft cause temperature changes which could lead to layer separation.

  • 1
    $\begingroup$ Thanks for the airgap info. Will try that shortly. Re enclosures, my understanding is the problem gets worse the taller the print (further from heat bed). This print object is just a test, whereas the actual items I need to ABS print are under 8mm in height, so should be fine, but currently have the same problem. $\endgroup$ Nov 11, 2018 at 8:18
  • $\begingroup$ Reducing the airgap appears to have solved the immediate problem of the object separating from the raft. Many thanks $\endgroup$ Nov 11, 2018 at 17:37
  • $\begingroup$ strictly speaking, Enclosure is not needed but it helps $\endgroup$
    – Trish
    Nov 13, 2018 at 12:00
  • $\begingroup$ I had the same problem and this solved it. I also needed to reduce the "Support Z Distance" (distance from the top/bottom of the support structure to the print) to stop the supports from curling off. $\endgroup$
    – ianmcook
    May 3, 2020 at 22:43

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