3
$\begingroup$

I have a Monoprice Select v2 that I just bought less than 2 months ago. I've manually leveled it on several prints prior.

I noticed a couple of holes in my print bed after my last print, like the extruder pushed into the sheet really hard. They're both on the same side.

I then noticed that the extruder's horizontal bar wasn't leveled so I leveled it. I did this by unplugging the wire to one motor and modified the z-position so that the other connected side would go up. (Is this the proper way of adjusting the horizontal bar?)

And then I moved the extruder back into its Home position at z-position 0. That's when I noticed that it seems my extruder barely reaches my print bed even though I have the screws almost loosened to the point of detaching from the thread.

The extruder z-limit-switch (I think that's what it's called) seems to be pressed so the extruder is as far down as it can go. The controls also show that the z-position is at 0.

So I'm guessing my print bed somehow lowered. But I don't see how that could possibly be.

Any ideas?

Here are some photos but I'm not even sure what to show really

you can see the z-limit-switch in the right of this pic next to the letter A's pic1 you can see my extruder still has some distance to go before reaching my print bed but you can also see that my screws are loosened as much as possible pic2 showing the horizontal extruder bar is now leveled pic3

$\endgroup$
  • $\begingroup$ Kane, your portal is not level ut shows clearly to be tilted downwards. $\endgroup$ – Trish Jan 6 '19 at 10:23
  • $\begingroup$ @Trish what do you mean by "portal"? $\endgroup$ – kane Jan 6 '19 at 14:48
  • $\begingroup$ The last picture show me, that you have a tilted X-axis portal - the bubble should be in the middle of both lines, it is to the left side. You might want to brush up your spirit-level knowledge... johnsonlevel.com/News/SpiritLevelInformation $\endgroup$ – Trish Jan 6 '19 at 16:59
  • $\begingroup$ You can't adjust your z-limit switch downward any? I'm not familiar with the monoprice, but it seems the easiest way to fix this is to move it downward so it will travel further down in the z-axis. $\endgroup$ – Pᴀᴜʟsᴛᴇʀ2 Jan 6 '19 at 18:04
  • $\begingroup$ @Pᴀᴜʟsᴛᴇʀ2 No, the z-limit switch can be moved but it's at the lowest possible position $\endgroup$ – kane Jan 7 '19 at 5:04
5
$\begingroup$

The bar where the level is attached is the support cross-bar for the X-axis travel.

It's important this bar be level, but it's even more important the bar be true to the rest of the machine. We call this "leveling" the printer, but really the more accurate term is "tramming". If the bar is level, but the machine sits on an unlevel surface, things are out of sync. This may be the case here.

I did this by unplugging the wire to one motor and modified the z-position so that the other connected side would go up. (Is this the proper way of adjusting the horizontal bar?)

No. The first image in your question shows two threaded vertical rods: one on the left that is exposed, and one on the right that is more hidden (only a small portion is visible between the two "A" labels). These rods control travel in the vertical "z" direction. Each rod has an inline coupler connecting it to the Z-stepper motors. The coupler for the right side is visible just below the square label "A". You adjust the level of the X cross-bar by turning the couplers while the printer is turned off or the motors are otherwise disengaged. This allows you to make finer adjustments for the bar, often without needing to re-home the Z axis.

You can also use this method to correct your immediate problem.

I own a Select Plus, which uses similar construction to your Select V2. When I first got the printer one of my couplers was not adequately secured to the rod. This made for all kinds of difficulty leveling the bed at first, including at one point an issue similar to what you are experiencing.

Re-leveling the X cross-bar is easiest if you are first certain the printer itself is on a level surface. If this is the case, you should be able to use the level in the images to check the cross-bar in the same way you did previously, making adjustments via couplers. But check that surface first. If the surface is not level, you need to adjust the X cross-bar to be parallel to something in the machine other than the bed. While we want the bed to match the rest of the machine, the very fact you can adjust this means it's not guaranteed at any point in time, and so you should use something more structural to compare against.

In this case, you can place the same level across the two steel Y-axis travel bars below the bed, and check where the bubble sits. Then make sure the bubble ends up in exactly the same position for the X cross-bar, regardless of whether or not that's level to the ground. The greater precision you can get here, the better things will be.


I'm gonna add some notes about leveling the beds on these specific printer models.

There are three basic types of leveling:

  1. Manual. You do everything yourself.
  2. Assisted. You still do most things yourself, but the machine will help by moving the head quickly to certain positions for you to check. This is what many machines refer to as "automatic", even though it really isn't.
  3. Automatic. This is where the machine does everything, using lasers to map the bed or some other contact sensor to detect when the head approaches the bed and make it's own adjustments. Often this only uses software to compensate for the bed, and so you still want to get the bed as level as possible first without this option.

The Select V2 and Select Plus only do #2: assisted.

When I was starting out, my research indicated you should generally level your print beds "hot", because heating a print bed will expand it and potentially change the results. This makes sense to me.

However, the instructions included with my Select Plus said nothing about heating the bed, and if followed precisely meant I leveled a cold bed. Additionally, the so-called "automatic" (really: "assisted") leveling tool in the firmware also does not keep the bed heated, meaning if you want to level it hot you must do it entirely manually.

This caused me great difficulty when first starting out getting a good level, because I was trying to do it manually on a hot bed. I finally gave up on that, and started using the assisted tool on a cold bed. To my surprise and relief — and counter to what I've read elsewhere — I've had much better results when doing it cold this way. But this may be some peculiar to these printers, perhaps involving the special mat it uses on the surface of the bed.

I'm also considering this upgrade (Update: I recently installed it, but it's too soon to know if it's helping), to help improve things even further, since there is some curvature in my plate:

https://www.amazon.com/dp/B07B251KBS/

Finally, there's an interesting seesaw effect when working on a square print bed with four adjustment knobs. I have a post about it here:

Leveling a square 3d printer bed with four mounting posts

| improve this answer | |
$\endgroup$
  • $\begingroup$ I hadn't even considered that the surface the printer rests on could be un-leveled. I just measured it, and to my surprise, you're right. It's way off! Let me try what you suggested. Thanks! $\endgroup$ – kane Jan 7 '19 at 5:06
  • $\begingroup$ Y is according to the right hand rule starting front going back, X is starting left, going right, Z starting down, going up. $\endgroup$ – Trish Jan 7 '19 at 9:34
  • $\begingroup$ @Trish That is correct. That's what I get for posting late at night. I've corrected the post. $\endgroup$ – Joel Coehoorn Jan 7 '19 at 21:15
  • $\begingroup$ Thanks for your helpful insight on my unlevel surface and on how to adjust the rod correctly. I think I'm also experiencing the "seesaw" effect you posted about. Very frustrating! $\endgroup$ – kane Jan 8 '19 at 2:19
  • $\begingroup$ @kane I just added another post you may find helpful. $\endgroup$ – Joel Coehoorn Jan 8 '19 at 18:05
5
$\begingroup$

For leveling your bed you do not require the use of a bubble level! This is not necessary, if you do, you need to place the printer on a bubble level underground. It is far easier to level the bed relative to the printer frame rather than to the outside world. Basically the bed and the X-axis (the axis that moves your nozzle) need to be parallel and each side of the X-axis needs to have the same distance to a reference point on the frame.

In order to level your X-axis you need to position both of the sides at a certain, same distance from a reference point on your frame, e.g. you could measure this with respect to the top of the Z stepper attachments. If you have 2 steppers, it is easy as you can individually move them by turning the lead screw when the stepper motors are not powered. Once you have each side at the correct distance you can commence a homing sequence and start leveling your bed.

You mention that you are running out of threads for proper leveling of the bed while the Z minimum limit switch is pressed/activated. What you need to do is lower the switch a little so that you have some extra height available. If the switch is at the lowest, you could consider drilling extra holes or filing it down, or print one of the Z-adjustment mods that can be found on the web. This should be enough to level your bed properly. Leveling can be done cold or hot, the difference is that the heat expands the plate a little or causes some changes in the shape of the bed due to the expansion or uneven heating. This difference is usually very small, but sometimes causes your prints not to stick to a hot plate when leveled cold.

Level bed with respect to X-axis

| improve this answer | |
$\endgroup$
  • $\begingroup$ You're right (as always), @0scar and I upvoted you for this answer. But I accepted Joel's cuz he was the 1st to guess my unlevel surface, gave me specific instructions on how to adjust my printer's horizontal rod, and identified the seesaw effect I'm experiencing $\endgroup$ – kane Jan 8 '19 at 2:21
  • 2
    $\begingroup$ @kane no problem, this one is a little more generic answer, and we need more answers per question anyways, good luck with printing! $\endgroup$ – 0scar Jan 8 '19 at 5:06

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.