This picture pretty much shows the problem: Image of failed parts

I print on a CR-10 and this thing is pretty much just a problem factory. Anyways, the latest problem that was never there before is that for some reason the first 2-4mm of the print are totally messed up like in the picture. That isnt that much of a problem for bigger parts (as in the right one) but smaller things such as the pi-coin (left) are absolutely useless now.

Things ive already checked that haven't fixed the problem:

  • Different PLA filament types (geetech, Janbex)
  • Different nozzles (0.3mm, 0.4mm)
  • Variations of smaller line withs (up to .05mm smaller)
  • Nozzle temperatures between 180°C and 215°C
  • Bed temperatures between room temp. and 80°C
  • Flowrates 85% of actual flowrate up to 105%
  • Printing speeds of 30mm/s to 80mm/s
  • Different location on the buildplate in case that parts of the rail are worn out
  • Cooling fan active all the time, off all the time, off for the first layers
  • Checked bed leveling
  • Checked extrusion -Variations of all of these things

It is noticable that the first few lines are layed down perfectly but when filling out the circles (in the case of these models) the layer becomes very rough. After that every new layer just suffers from the quality of the previous one. There is also a scratching sound when the nozzle moves over the object. I slice with Cura (latest version) and Z-hop is active.

I also checked the Z-rod and it at least looks fine to me.

I am really running out of ideas. I even checked every screw on the printer (and found out that the x-Rail wasn't perfectly straight but that didnt fix it either).

This problem occured after I replaced the entire print head with a new one since the old one kept clogging.

  • $\begingroup$ Welcome to 3DPrinting.SE! $\endgroup$ – Pᴀᴜʟsᴛᴇʀ2 Jan 26 '19 at 23:29
  • $\begingroup$ Have you looked at this question? It appears to be a similar defect. Your question is very complete! $\endgroup$ – 0scar Jan 27 '19 at 5:33

Referring to the scratching, this could indicate that the nozzle is a little too close to the bed. This can be caused by a non-uniform bed, but that is unlikely in your case as you have tried printing on different areas of the build plate, this implies that the bed is correctly levelled. Still, the nozzle may be too close while having a perfect level bed (easily checked by using a metal ruler on its side over the bed). You could print an adjustable Z endstop trigger mechanism, there can be a few found on Thingiverse, e.g. this one or this one, it should enable you to fine-tune the nozzle to bed distance by turning the adjustment screw; the following image shows an example:

CR-10 adjustable Z endstop height

Note that a recent question has a solution that describes that the rollers had too much play on the profile.

  • $\begingroup$ My 10S came out of the factory with loose rollers so that linked question is definitely something to check. $\endgroup$ – Lux Claridge Jan 28 '19 at 14:12

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