Questions tagged [stepper]

Questions about stepper motors, a motor type commonly used in 3D printers.

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Specs for a stepper motor

I would like to replace a NEMA 17 stepper motor for my FLSun SR (it clicks and the rotor eventually slides forward, causing it to offset layers). How do I find the specs for this motor? They aren't ...
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Marlin 2.0.x bugfix: how do you define a specific driver to be used when driving a specific stepper?

I'm using a TriGorilla 2560 and Marlin bugfix 2.0.x, and two stepper motors that I'm using as two Z-axes For some reason, both Z ports, and the E1 port are being driven by the same stepper driver The ...
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Can I power an external stepper driver without motor connected?

I have not used external stepper drivers yet, but I am using them in a new build. I have an optional stepper driver that will be connected to a stepper motor for a rotary attachment. Can I leave the ...
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How to tune Longer LK5 Pro for smoother prints?

I need to print parts that fit together very well on the Longer LK5 Pro. However, after printing a Benchy, I noticed that whatever I print has a lot of imperfections. Is there any way I can fix this? ...
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177 views

Stepper motors on the extruder and Z-axis seem to freeze up during any fast movements

OK here's some background of the problem: Symptoms: All retracts on the extruder produce a screeching noise. The extruder extrudes normally all other times. Any fast move on the Z-axis also produces ...
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Ender 5 Pro - Extruder stops spinning entirely

I have an Ender 5 Pro (CR Touch installed) and all of a sudden I was getting under extrusion, and then I tried to check the E-steps. When I try to extrude filament from the move axis menu, the stepper ...
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MKS-SBASE V1.3 Marlin Stepper Motor Current

I have an MKS-SBASE V1.3 with integrated stepper motor drivers, but they don't have a physical way to change the current. I know there is a way to update the DRV8825 stepper current through Marlin, ...
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3 votes
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206 views

Adjust E-step on Ender 3

I was getting some weird under extrusion and noticed that the gear on the extruder was a bit worn. I decided to replace it with a dual-drive extruder, but that makes the E-step way off. I tried to run ...
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Will a 12 V Stepper motor work at 24 V?

I have a Prusa MK2.5 which runs at 12 V, the Prusa MK3 runs at 24 V. I noticed that on Prusa's webpage, they list the stepper motors as being compatible with both the MK2 and the MK3 even though they ...
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What is this stepper motor connector called?

I'm struggling to find the name of a connector I just broke, so I can order a new one. It's a six pin nylon terminal, that plugs into a set of header pins on a stepper motor. What do I search for to ...
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Big permanent layer shifts on X-axis, looks like something is holding the stepper motor but its not

I have an Ender 3 with a 32-bits version 4.2.2 controller board (5 weeks old, <10 prints). This is a video of what it does during a mesh bed leveling MBL (9 points): ...
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Using external stepper driver

I need to add two external stepper drivers to my MKS Gen L board. I am using E1 as an extra Y-axis and that is working great. I have three Z motors and I want to ...
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Stepper motor moving only to one side after reset

I come through this post, rescue a problem with my printer. It uses Arduino 2560 Mega, RAMPS 1.4, and Marlin 1.1.9, which had configured it left it working as follows: on the RAMPS the Y-axis is ...
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Jerk causing vibration and Y layer shift... Bad stepper?

This issue just started recently; I am not sure if it is because of the specific part I am printing or whether something on the printer is going bad. Up until now, I have been printing all kinds of ...
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Dual Z-axis has different speeds (out of sync)

The Z-axis has two stepper motors, I'm using MKS GEN L V2.1 mainboard with TMC 2209 Drivers. My problem is that the motors are out of sync. How can I get them to work together? This is my code from ...
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Stepper Motors getting extremely hot

I installed MKS Gen L V2.1 with TMC 2209 drivers to my Creality Ender-3 printer and updated the software to marlin 2, the stepper motors are getting extremely hot. What should i due to resolve this ...
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Can I make this extruder work by changing motor?

I have a Flex3Drive remote-direct-drive extruder I bought for my Ender 3 (with the original extruder motor), and I'm pretty happy with it except for abysmal retraction performance due to the 40:1 ...
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Not moving on X and Y axis

TL;DR I moved the printer head slightly without turning off the system and now only the Z-axis stepper motors work. I recently purchased an Ender 5 Plus. I managed to get three prints done and then ...
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Printing issue with X-axis motor

Here's an idea of what's going on. This is a picture of the progress during the first layer: Printing a simple calibration square, and as you can see, my X-axis is not moving like it should. I turned ...
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Confusing stepper motor behavior

I am trying to control stepper motors for a 3D printer with a RAMPS 1.4 shield connected to an Arduino Mega 2560. I have uploaded Marlin firmware to the board and am currently using Pronterface to ...
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Stepper motor for my DIY 3D printer

I am make a DIY 3D printer. And I need to which stepper motor I should use. So, I am planning on making a 18x18x18 or 20x20x20 max print size. I am only having a single z-axis like the prusa mini. ...
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Eryone Thinker SE ignoring endstop, gantry only moves down

I just got a Eryone Thinker SE and went through a lot of trouble to get it even working. My first major problem was it would keep trying to ignore the Z endstop switch and go lower than it should be. ...
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Ender 3 - extruder stepper skipping

I have a problem most likely very similar to some reported by other users: extruder stepper is visually skipping a step from time to time. It rapidly rotates in the direction opposite to the one it is ...
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How can I test that my stepper motors for functionality and compliance?

I bought a set of 5 stepper motors from Trianglelab's official Aliexpress shop. Only one of these motors was given any kind of protective bubble wrap for shipping. The contents of the package shifted ...
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Can closed loop steppers be used for extruders?

I am relatively new to 3D printing, but have some background in industrial equipment and test machines. An important part of printer setup is getting the extruder mm/step rate configured correctly. I ...
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What are the effects of backlash from a geared stepper motor used to drive a filament extruder?

Question background: I am building an extruder / hotend combination to be used with 2.85 mm filaments. The extruder I chose is QR Extruder from Bondtech which comes with a stepper motor, with an ...
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Can I use different sized steppers for different axes?

So basically, I have 3 different types of steppers. A NEMA 23 stepper for the Z-axis, a good quality NEMA 17 for Y-axis and another lower quality NEMA 17 for X-axis. This setup should work right?. I'...
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371 views

X axis stops working sometimes on my Tronxy X5SA

This is regarding the circuit of my 3D printer Tronxy X5SA's stepper motor for X axis. I had an observation: It has a cooling fan (40X10 24V) which is having issues lately - it stops working sometimes,...
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120 views

Need sanity check debugging non-functional extruder [duplicate]

This is the same machine involved in this question: ender-3-pro-extruder-stepper-skipping-with-a-chunk-sound. After reassembling the extruder, I discovered that the extruder stepper did not move, ...
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Are stepper flex couplings important? How important?

TL;DR: On my particular printer design, it definitely appears the company switched from flex couplings to solid couplings on purpose to improve the printer, and to prevent well-meaning users from ...
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1 vote
1 answer
5k views

Ender 3 Pro Extruder Stepper Skipping with a Chunk sound

I have a relatively new Ender 3 Pro, stock except for adding a tempered glass bed. I've fed about 3 kg of PLA filament so far, all Solutech brand. Near the end of the last reel, I started hearing ...
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How to calculate the Vref and X_CURRENT for a TMC2130 stepper driver, knowing the rated current of the stepper motor?

I have written a question about this but I found new information in this video and I want to go more to the point. My motor "rated current" is 1.4V. I assume that this is the maximum current The guy ...
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I can set the voltage and current of the TMC2130 driver manually. But, in which cases some of the components could burn up?

I need to know if something will burn up beforehand I plug all the circuits: Ramps 1.6+ Arduino Mega 2560 PSU 12 V, 15 A 2 TMC2130 V3.0 Stepper motor driver 2 Stepper motors 17hs3401 ...
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2 answers
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Is 12V and 15A enough to make work a Ramps 1.6 Plus and two stepper motors?

I want to make an order with this configuration Arduino MEGA 2650 R3 Ramps 1.6 Plus 2 TMC2130 2 Stepper motors 17hs3401 1 Fan But I am not sure what voltage and current would be enough to make it ...
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Anet A8 Installing second extruder without changing board

I am wondering if it is possible and safe to add a second extruder to my Anet A8 without changing the main board. I was thinking splitting my Z motor wires to free up the Z2 axis motor connector on ...
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3 votes
4 answers
2k views

Closed-loop stepper motors

I am thinking to use closed-loop stepper motors to prevent step loss and make the machine more accurate. What options (preferably low cost) are there for: ...
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1 vote
1 answer
252 views

Why are stepper motors used in 3D printers? [duplicate]

Stepper motors in 3D printers are used to move and position the extruder. But why don't the printers use servo motors or any other type of motors instead. Why only stepper motors are commonly used?
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Extruder doing the shimmy, How can I fix?

Printer: Monoprice Maker Select V2 3D Printer Problem: Extruder not working History: My extruder was clogged and I didn't realize it at first and I opened the extruder and pulled out the stuck piece ...
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2 votes
1 answer
54 views

Using stepper motors with integrated controllers

I just scavenged stepper motors from an old laser printer. These have integrated controllers. I'd like to use them without dismantling the controllers. I currently have 4, 6 and 9 wires stepper motors....
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Which NEMA 17 Stepper Motor for Titan? [closed]

I'm trying to find a comparable Nema17 (42BYGHW609) for my new Titan extruder state side with non-month-long shipping from China. Would this work (and about the same size and weight as the ...
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2 votes
3 answers
102 views

Classifying method of control of 3D printers?

Is there a classification of method of control most (FDM) 3D printers fall under? From a 1986robotics textbookref I was reading they defined three classes of control: 1) Pick and place 2) Point to ...
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Driving a Stepper Motor with a Mini-Rambo Controller

I have been working with the MiniRambo Controller to try to drive 3 stepper motors using the AccelStepper library. The stepper motors are NEMA 17s with the following specifications: I am trying to ...
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3 votes
1 answer
529 views

What are the downsides of high stepper current OR power?

Microstepping reduces the actual torque at partial steps, so I would like to increase the stepper torque as much as possible to ensure better behaviour when high acceleration is needed (I'm installing ...
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PyCNC - Z steppers screaming

I'm transforming my Anet A8 printer to Raspberry Pi driven using PyCNC. Things seem to look promising so far apart from the Z motor doing nothing but making screaming-like sound when supposed to be ...
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6 votes
3 answers
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Why do different drivers change the noise of steppers?

I've upgraded my stepper drivers. I'm looking to understand why my stepper motors made noise in the first place.
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4 votes
4 answers
531 views

Pololu - connect motor supply ground and logic supply ground

Is it okay to directly connect together the grounds of the logic supply and the motor supply when using a Pololu style stepper driver? If yes/no, why so?
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2 votes
2 answers
319 views

X carriage "vibrates" on small segments

Following the question I asked here: Replace X axis motor with different model I have a problem with my new motor. My X-axis is now moved by a 17HS3401S motor, instead of a 42SHD0217-24B motor. On ...
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3 votes
1 answer
133 views

Replace X axis motor with different model

Last week, my X-axis stepper motor died. It was a 42SHD0217-24B model. I ordered the same online, but the vendor made a "mistake" and sent me the 17HS3401S model. I know these motors use a different ...
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2 votes
2 answers
259 views

New use for extruder port

Is there a way to change the use of an extruder port on a 3D printer motherboard to move stepper motors (on y axis) on a 3D printer? This is for a school project, and we have replaced the extruder ...
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2 votes
2 answers
133 views

Is there any (relatively simple) way to determine whether a stepper is being directed to move by the voltage signal across its winding?

This may be a long shot, but I was wondering if the signals seen across a stepper motor's windings could indicate whether the stepper was being told to move over some short time period. This is in ...
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