Questions tagged [stepper]

Questions about stepper motors, a motor type commonly used in 3D printers.

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23
votes
2answers
4k views

Do stepper motors require any maintenance?

I've had my printer for almost a year now. Is there something I should be doing to maintain the motors?
11
votes
4answers
13k views

Extruder stepper motor problem, what can be wrong?

I bought a self-made Reprap Prusa Mendel 3 printer, modified to be built from cheaper materials, and immediately after the deal I got various problems. I fixed the majority of them, but don't know ...
9
votes
1answer
4k views

Real life stepper speed

I am wondering about the speed that my steppers should achieve in regular operation and what the determining factors are, from theoretical hardware facts/limits to software limitations that can ...
7
votes
5answers
9k views

Servo vs Stepper

I'm a new one for this community. This also not directly related with 3D printing. I searched about this and I couldn't find good answer. One of my friends told me CNC machining centers (Milling) ...
7
votes
1answer
3k views

Full steps mode for Z axis stepper controller

I have a Cartesian style 3D printer (FLSUN Cube), with two Z-axis stepper motors (1.8°, 200 steps/revolution) with T8x8 lead screw (8mm / 2mm pitch with 4 starts), and currently they are using 1/16 ...
6
votes
3answers
2k views

Why do different drivers change the noise of steppers?

I've upgraded my stepper drivers. I'm looking to understand why my stepper motors made noise in the first place.
6
votes
2answers
9k views

What are the benefits to using 128X microstepping drivers on the X and Y axis of a FFF printer?

Assuming you have a high quality printer with a fast processor, will you see a noticeable improvement by upgrading from 16X/32X microstepping drivers to 64X/128X microstepping drivers? (e.g. smoother ...
6
votes
4answers
3k views

How to keep Z-axis motor from slipping when powered down

Because of the weight of my Z-axis and the relative ease of its motion, when the Z-axis motor is powered down the bed has a tendency to slip and fall down. Obviously leaving the motor powered solves ...
6
votes
4answers
360 views

Ultimaker 2 ticking sound coming from feeder

Recently, the ticking sounds started to come from feeder of my UM2. Inspecting it I have noticed that once in a while stepper motor jumps back for few steps. I have an idea of what can be the reason, ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

Anet A8 extruder motor moves back and forth

This is what is happening to my motor. Any suggestions would help. 1. I have tried adjusting the trimpot. 2. Rewire the connector to match the one on the motherboard. 3. Anything else I found on the ...
6
votes
1answer
111 views

How should I power these stepper motors

I am rebuilding my printer, a hold Prusa/Mendel that has been boxed for years. I have changed the board ( I am using a Rumba) and the drivers (I am using Pololu 8225) with heatsinks and 1/16 ...
5
votes
3answers
1k views

Nema Stepper used in Flashforge 3D printer

I am using Flashforge Creator Pro and a Flashforge Finder I want to know which NEMA stepper model is used in each of these two printers, or is it NEMA 17 for both? Their model numbers are: ...
5
votes
1answer
624 views

Step motors vibrate, don't move at all (Prusa I3)

Recently, I changed my RAMPS 1.4 card (because there was a problem with the power output).So I bought this new one, and an Arduino Mega.I didn'T change the code (Marlin 1.3.3).I used the same ...
5
votes
1answer
954 views

Anet A8 One Z output only moves down (even on up command)

I just finished assembly of Anet A8 (Prusa i3 clone). X any Y work fine, both Z motors move down just fine, when homed. On Z-stop trigger, right Z moves up, left Z continues to try to move down. ...
5
votes
1answer
8k views

Z axis: Stepper motor and lead screw torque calculation

I am trying to figure out some calculations regarding stepper motor and lead screw. These are the things need answer: Selection stepper motor to lift given weight? Amount of load threaded rod can ...
4
votes
4answers
392 views

Pololu - connect motor supply ground and logic supply ground

Is it okay to directly connect together the grounds of the logic supply and the motor supply when using a Pololu style stepper driver? If yes/no, why so?
4
votes
1answer
3k views

How to connect a NEMA 17 stepper to RAMPS 1.4?

I have an NEMA 17 stepper motor 17HS4401 and a RAMPS 1.4 driver unit. The motor pinouts are: ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Reprap variants with servo motors rather than stepper motors?

In a discussion about motors with a friend who used to work in the robotics industry, he told me that he despised stepper motor systems, as every stepper based system he had worked on required a bunch ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

Are stepper flex couplings important? How important?

TL;DR: On my particular printer design, it definitely appears the company switched from flex couplings to solid couplings on purpose to improve the printer, and to prevent well-meaning users from ...
3
votes
3answers
1k views

Z-Axis doesn't work only during printing

Problem: Z-Axis doesn't work during a print. It attempts to work, maybe climbs on the Z-Axis, but screws back down. It whines, too. But, Z-Axis DOES work while not printing. It doesn't matter if ...
3
votes
1answer
657 views

Stepper Motors getting extremely hot

I installed MKS Gen L V2.1 with TMC 2209 drivers to my Creality Ender-3 printer and updated the software to marlin 2, the stepper motors are getting extremely hot. What should i due to resolve this ...
3
votes
1answer
286 views

What are the downsides of high stepper current OR power?

Microstepping reduces the actual torque at partial steps, so I would like to increase the stepper torque as much as possible to ensure better behaviour when high acceleration is needed (I'm installing ...
3
votes
1answer
4k views

Stepper Motor for Prusa i3

We have stepper motors with these specs: 1200 mA 4 V 3.2 kg • cm Are these enough for building a Prusa i3 3D printer? (I live in Turkey and these are the specs of the NEMA 17 they sell in here)
3
votes
3answers
1k views

Closed-loop stepper motors

I am thinking to use closed-loop stepper motors to prevent step loss and make the machine more accurate. What options (preferably low cost) are there for: ...
3
votes
1answer
91 views

Extruder doing the shimmy, How can I fix?

Printer: Monoprice Maker Select V2 3D Printer Problem: Extruder not working History: My extruder was clogged and I didn't realize it at first and I opened the extruder and pulled out the stuck piece ...
3
votes
1answer
619 views

DQ542MA Driver proper settings for NEMA 17 Stepper Motor

Using a 24 V power supply I have two NEMA 17 stepper motors each driven by a DQ542MA stepper motor driver. I have the current settings on the driver set for a RMS of 1.69 and a pulse/rev of 400. ...
3
votes
1answer
109 views

Replace X axis motor with different model

Last week, my X-axis stepper motor died. It was a 42SHD0217-24B model. I ordered the same online, but the vendor made a "mistake" and sent me the 17HS3401S model. I know these motors use a different ...
3
votes
2answers
5k views

Stepper motors making noise after steps/when idle

Why is it that if I execute a gcode command that causes the stepper motor to turn in reverse (any negative move on the X axis), after the step it will emit a high pitched whine until it gets another ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

MKS base 1.5 (E0 & E1) not working

I have bought two MKS base 1.5 boards. Both extruder ports are not working. I made sure the stepper motor still works and that there is nothing wrong with the Marlin firmware that I know of. Any ...
2
votes
3answers
96 views

Classifying method of control of 3D printers?

Is there a classification of method of control most (FDM) 3D printers fall under? From a 1986robotics textbookref I was reading they defined three classes of control: 1) Pick and place 2) Point to ...
2
votes
3answers
106 views

Can I make this extruder work by changing motor?

I have a Flex3Drive remote-direct-drive extruder I bought for my Ender 3 (with the original extruder motor), and I'm pretty happy with it except for abysmal retraction performance due to the 40:1 ...
2
votes
1answer
49 views

Using stepper motors with integrated controllers

I just scavenged stepper motors from an old laser printer. These have integrated controllers. I'd like to use them without dismantling the controllers. I currently have 4, 6 and 9 wires stepper motors....
2
votes
1answer
191 views

Can closed loop steppers be used for extruders?

I am relatively new to 3D printing, but have some background in industrial equipment and test machines. An important part of printer setup is getting the extruder mm/step rate configured correctly. I ...
2
votes
1answer
3k views

Stepper motor for CR10-S5 Y-axis

I need to replace this stepper motor with the following product identification: It’s a Y-axis for CR10-S5 and labeled as JD42HS60-1500A-02F. What type of stepper motor is this?
2
votes
1answer
210 views

Which NEMA 17 Stepper Motor for Titan? [closed]

I'm trying to find a comparable Nema17 (42BYGHW609) for my new Titan extruder state side with non-month-long shipping from China. Would this work (and about the same size and weight as the ...
2
votes
2answers
211 views

New use for extruder port

Is there a way to change the use of an extruder port on a 3D printer motherboard to move stepper motors (on y axis) on a 3D printer? This is for a school project, and we have replaced the extruder ...
2
votes
2answers
109 views

Is there any (relatively simple) way to determine whether a stepper is being directed to move by the voltage signal across its winding?

This may be a long shot, but I was wondering if the signals seen across a stepper motor's windings could indicate whether the stepper was being told to move over some short time period. This is in ...
2
votes
1answer
167 views

What are the effects of backlash from a geared stepper motor used to drive a filament extruder?

Question background: I am building an extruder / hotend combination to be used with 2.85 mm filaments. The extruder I chose is QR Extruder from Bondtech which comes with a stepper motor, with an ...
2
votes
2answers
276 views

X carriage "vibrates" on small segments

Following the question I asked here: Replace X axis motor with different model I have a problem with my new motor. My X-axis is now moved by a 17HS3401S motor, instead of a 42SHD0217-24B motor. On ...
2
votes
1answer
99 views

Steppers don't work as expected while printing

I have a problem with my steppers of a RepRap 3D printer I'm making. I assembled the machine and performed the endswitch calibrations. when the machine is not printing, the steppers are moving as ...
2
votes
0answers
235 views

Driving a Stepper Motor with a Mini-Rambo Controller

I have been working with the MiniRambo Controller to try to drive 3 stepper motors using the AccelStepper library. The stepper motors are NEMA 17s with the following specifications: I am trying to ...
2
votes
0answers
1k views

Stepper Motor Linear Acceleration Python (raspberry pi) [closed]

I am working on a Python code (below) that accelerates a stepper motor until it reaches a specific amount of steps. ...
1
vote
1answer
142 views

Anet A8 Installing second extruder without changing board

I am wondering if it is possible and safe to add a second extruder to my Anet A8 without changing the main board. I was thinking splitting my Z motor wires to free up the Z2 axis motor connector on ...
1
vote
1answer
79 views

Can I use different sized steppers for different axes?

So basically, I have 3 different types of steppers. A NEMA 23 stepper for the Z-axis, a good quality NEMA 17 for Y-axis and another lower quality NEMA 17 for X-axis. This setup should work right?. I'...
1
vote
2answers
928 views

Is 12V and 15A enough to make work a Ramps 1.6 Plus and two stepper motors?

I want to make an order with this configuration Arduino MEGA 2650 R3 Ramps 1.6 Plus 2 TMC2130 2 Stepper motors 17hs3401 1 Fan But I am not sure what voltage and current would be enough to make it ...
1
vote
1answer
167 views

Why are stepper motors used in 3D printers? [duplicate]

Stepper motors in 3D printers are used to move and position the extruder. But why don't the printers use servo motors or any other type of motors instead. Why only stepper motors are commonly used?
1
vote
1answer
116 views

Stepper does not move smoothly

I have a problem with the y movement of my machine. When i select y+1 in repetier, it moves, but with a very strange noise. I have a video to show the problem here I have: Set the voltage of the ...
1
vote
2answers
167 views

Jerk causing vibration and Y layer shift... Bad stepper?

This issue just started recently; I am not sure if it is because of the specific part I am printing or whether something on the printer is going bad. Up until now, I have been printing all kinds of ...
1
vote
1answer
366 views

Dual Z-axis has different speeds (out of sync)

The Z-axis has two stepper motors, I'm using MKS GEN L V2.1 mainboard with TMC 2209 Drivers. My problem is that the motors are out of sync. How can I get them to work together? This is my code from ...
1
vote
0answers
31 views

Printing issue with X-axis motor

Here's an idea of what's going on. This is a picture of the progress during the first layer: Printing a simple calibration square, and as you can see, my X-axis is not moving like it should. I turned ...